Plant Properties

Definition of terms related to plant and essential oil properties.

absolute An alcohol based essential oil extract
alkaloid Naturally occurring complex organic nitrogen-containing compounds that have powerful physiological effects on humans and animals.
allergen An antigenic substance that effects the human immune system (an allergy).
analgesic A substance that relieves pain
anthelmintic Agent that destroys or expels worms.
anti-anaemic Combats anaemia (deficiency of red blood cells)
anti-bacterial An agent that destroys bacteria
anti-fungal Agent that kills fungi
anticoagulant  Agent that delays or prevents blood clotting
anti-inflammatory Substance that reduces inflammation such as swelling, heat, and redness
anti-microbial Agent that kills micro-organisms or inhibits their growth or replication
anti-spasmodic Eases spasms or convulsions
anti-viral Inhibits or destroys viruses
astringent Contracts and tightens body tissue
catarrh Inflammation of the mucous membranes with discharge, especially inflammation of the nose and trachea
cicatrizant Promotes healing by formation of scar tissue
constitutent The part of an oil that gives it its therapeutic value
cytophylactic Increases leucocyte activity (white blood cells), boosts immune system (against infection), promotes cell regeneration
decongestant Reduces congestion or swelling
digestive Promotes or aids digestion
diuretic Promotes urination
endocrine Relating to or denoting glands which secrete hormones or other products directly into the blood, The major endocrine glands include the pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovaries, testes, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, hypothalamus, gastrointestinal tract and adrenal glands
emmenagogue Induces or assists menstruation
emollient Softens and soothes skin and draws in moisture
expectorant Aids the clearance of mucus from the respiratory system
enfleurage A method of extracting essential oils from fragrant flowers pressed repeatedly until the oil is saturated with the floral essence
febrifuge Reduces fever (antipyretic)
fixed oils Lipids that contain long chain fatty acids of vegetable origin
homostatic Stops bleeding
homostasis State of balance
homologue Substance with similar properties; a substitute
hepatic Tones and aids liver function
hypnotic Induces sleep
hypertensive Raises blood pressure
hypotensive Lowers blood pressure
lymphatic Works on the lymphatic system
nervine Strengthens and has a beneficial effect on the nervous system
psoriasis Common chronic skin disorder characterised by red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery scales
regulator Agent which helps balance and regulate the functions of the body
restorative Strengthens and revives the body systems
rubefacient Causes redness of the skin
sedative Has calming effects, induces sedation by reducing irritability or excitement
stimulant Increases the rate of activity of a body system
stomachic Aids and stimulates digestion, tones the stomach, improving function
sudorific Promotes perspiration, sweating (Diaphoresis)
terpene A primary chemical contained in essential oils.
tonic Restores, tone and invigorate bodily systems. Strengthens and boosts whole or parts of the body
vasodilator Dilates (widens) blood vesels
vermifuge Expels intestinal and parasitic worms (Anthelmintic)
volatile oil Aromatic, oxygenated derivative of terpenes distilled from plants
vulnerary An agent applied externally that assists in wound healing



Sold Out